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LiJiang - YunNan

Source: ChinaTravelGood   Author: Stephanie  Date: 08-09 2008  More Attractions
Code: 0888

Zip code: 674100

position: in northwest Yunnan

nation: Naxi, Han, white, Lisu, Yi, Miao, Hui, Tibetan, Zhuang, Pumi, and so on.

divisions: the ancient city, Huaping County, Yongsheng County, Naxi Autonomous County of Yulong, Ninglang Yi Autonomous County.

Yunnan Provincial People#39;s Government of the State Council and the approval of the ancient city of Lijiang area in the city on April 1, 2003 formally established.

the ancient city of Lijiang City District is the owner of three world-rare World Heritage (Old Town of Lijiang the world#39;s cultural heritage, "Three Parallel Rivers Flow," the world natural heritage, the Dongba Literature book Memory of the World Heritage) place.

the ancient city is located in the northwest of Yunnan Province Hengduan Mountains to the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau transition zone, the location of the 2,400 m above sea level, a low latitude plateau monsoon climate, with an average annual temperature of 12.6 degrees Celsius, with an average annual rainfall 950 mm of rainfall rich, non-summer heat and winter without strict, cold, the four seasons such as spring and pleasant weather. 1255.4 square kilometers in size area of the region, administered the research, Jinshan, 7 River, Jinjiang, Yongsan, the six eastern township 53 village (neighborhood) committees. Of the total city population of 142,000 people, Naxi, Han, white, Tibetan, Yi, Pumi, and so on more than 10 ethnic groups, including Naxi population of 86,000 people, of the total population of 60.22 percent.

area is located in the ancient city of Yunnan, Sichuan, Tibet traffic要冲, is the ancient Chinese, Tibetan, Bai, Naxi, and other Shizu cultural and economic exchanges between the hub of the Silk Road in the South and "Tea-Horse Road" and the city To the military strategy. Long-term national integration, multi-cultural Huijiao, a long history accumulation to form a unique culture as a representative of the Naxi culture. Can be seen everywhere in the relics, natural landscape diversity, culture Cuican dazzling.

- the world#39;s cultural heritage Old Town of Lijiang. 800 years of history of the ancient city of Lijiang, located in the central Lijiang Bazi, an area of about 3.8 square kilometers, was built in the late Southern Song Dynasty. Lijiang is the way Xuanfu Si Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasty government soldiers and civilians Lijiang Lijiang Prefecture resident. Old Town of Lijiang unique location, layout, take full advantage of terrain and the surrounding natural environment of mountains and rivers, according to the North Xiangshan, Jin Hong Shan, West Lichen monkey mountain, east and south and open Pingba naturally attached to both avoid the northwest wind, towards Southeast light source, a ride on the northwest, southeast of the overall pattern look. Originate in the north of the city at the foot of Xiangshan Yuquan the river at three Rucheng, is divided into numerous tributaries, Chuanjie around the alley, cloth-City, formed a "front of the families around the water flow, Huhuwuhou Chuiyang Liu," Poetry and plans. Gong Zheng streets in the informal and free distribution, Bangshui Main Street, Drainage temporary lanes, over 300 ancient stone bridge and the river blocks, green trees, Gu Xiang, Maillard dependencies Xiangying, Plateau Water very old trees, bridges, water, the people Aesthetics Yiyun, known as "the proprietor of Venice",

" Gusu plateau. " Yongquan take full advantage of the city built more than "San Yanjing," on the pool drinking, in Tong Xicai, indecent bleaching clothing, Naxi ancestors is a symbol of wisdom, the local population is an example of the use of water resources masterpiece, fully embodied Team unity in harmony with nature. Chieftain of the city#39;s wooden Yashu faction is showing a "palace of Korea, to be king," the extraordinary scene. Square Street at the heart of the ancient city of the Ming and Qing Dynasties is the business hub of northwestern Yunnan, is on the Cha Ma Ancient Road terminal. Anti-Japanese War period, because in the ancient city-Tibet, India, issued Dali, Kunming, the location of a throat operation of the war materiel Yaojin, commerce Shing very moment, merchants gathered so far. Square Street to Cai Shipu, water street washing, Japan and China for the city, Bomu field Di#39;s unique streetscape and famous. Its colorful flowers around the six-Street, close to the mountains with the potential, open to radiation, the streets connected. Accessible, transportation is very convenient. From which, it is as if into the "Riverside Scene of Pure Brightness," the bustling scene. In the ancient city of the Ming and Qing Dynasties still maintain large architectural features, "Three Square, a Zhaobi,

 Sihetun five yards, Zouma corner floor "-row upon row of buildings Wawu, both prominent structural layout, and the pursuit of birds painted decoration, the Zhuo Neixiu, Linglong-Qiao, Chinese and foreign construction experts as "the museum houses." Worth mentioning is that the city residents have always loved planting flowers and trees growing bonsai, the ancient city of a "never-tree-li County, mountain everywhere Feihua" reputation. Old Town of Lijiang many cultural relics, contains abundant unique culture in China is to preserve the most complete, most ethnic style of the ancient town. In 1986 the State Council for the historical and cultural cities of China, December 4, 1997, organized by the United Nations formally approved the text included in the "List of World Heritage" list, become the country#39;s first human subject to the shared responsibility to protect the World Heritage city in 2001 October, was rated as scenic tourist area of the civilized demonstration; 2002, Rongdeng "China is yearning for most of the 10 cities" list.

- brilliant mysterious Naxi Dongba culture. Dazhi large-hui of the Naxi ancestors, in the long social practice and production labor, and created a brilliant Dongba culture. Dongba culture to the Dongba as the carrier to record Dongba as the main way, it is accompanied by a long history of the Naxi Fahuang gradual formation and evolution of living and cultural patterns, some formed in the Tang and Song Dynasties period, nearly 2000 years of history. Naxi Dongba is the original religion, and inclusive of other religions, believe in animism, for more than God. Dongba paper is a table in both Italy and table-component picture hieroglyphs. Naxi pictograph only more than 1,400 words, but words remarkably rich, full of delicate emotion, can also Jixu that all things complicated, but also Xieshi Zuowen Zhang, is currently the world#39;s only "living pictograph." Hieroglyphs used to write the scriptures, and retained a total of two million volumes. Juanzhi voluminous book, rich content. Involved with philosophy, history, astronomy, religion, Shaman, folklore, literature, art and other areas, Naxi ancient society堪称Jane Section 100 of the book. Dongba culture in its own unique scientific and artistic value, over the centuries has attracted many Chinese and foreign scholars and people with lofty ideals, to study the translation and viewing. Naxi Dongba culture is the people of the world#39;s great contribution to mankind.

- music gems Lijiang Naxi ancient music. Naxi ancient music is the soul of the ancient city of culture and symbol of the ancient city of Lijiang is an elegant landscape. Naxi ancient music since the Tang and Song Dynasties are some Cipai Qupai and music. In Hongwu years (1368 AD), the music on this to be conveyed to the Lijiang. This music in the Central Plains region has become absolutely sound, but the autobiography to Lijiang was widely disseminated, in the village are heard everywhere in town this wonderful voice. Naxi ancient music has been preserved, there are 22 pieces, some of them incorporated into the Naxi their own thoughts and feelings and playing style. Naxi ancient music by Chinese and foreign scholars and the vast majority of music lovers known as the "living fossil of Music" and "Voice of Peace", "Music Xianyue days." Naxi ancient music to listen to people really feel "Ciqu should only have the sky, the earth to have heard several times," the mood.

after nearly 20 years of promoting and publicity, Naxi ancient music has to go abroad to the world, the world music found on their rightful place. Ancient Music in 1995 the Institute will visit the United Kingdom caused a sensation; February 1997 in the Hong Kong Arts Festival performances are highly valued in 1998, was known as China#39;s highest altar of the Beijing Music Hall concert halls, further proof of Naxi ancient music of art Value in May 1998 by the King of Norway at the invitation of the Norwegian National Day on a grand performance; after, in succession to France, Belgium, Sweden, Taiwan, the United States and other countries and regions performed by the warm welcome and highly valued. Naxi ancient music for its unique artistic charm emitted splendid glory for the world by increasing awareness and favor.

- State aaa-class black spots Longtan. And the ancient city of Lijiang, Longtan is not only the most important source of running water, the ancient city is also an important area of the tourist attractions. To the towering white as the background of the Yulong Snow Mountain and the Longtan clear bottomed out, in the surrounding trees Posuo, Wufeng Lou, relief Lin, Long shrines, lock Yan Ying Tsui bridges ancient architecture during. Longtan in black on the upper floors in the central, hoisted a personally written by Mr. Guo Moruo couplets: "13 Longtan Dao Ying-feng, Qianlong in the day, the dragon in the land, half-water aspect, Xu, Moyu for the body, for the God-Cang . " The beautiful natural scenery and unique human landscape of the most perfect combination, and the Longtan much world attention has increasingly become a scenic area, has been included in the "name-chuen, China," "Chinese scenic spots" and other books.