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ChongMingXian - ShangHai

Source: ChinaTravelGood   Author: Avery  Date: 07-20 2008  More Attractions
Chongming Island is China#39;s third largest island, is the world#39;s largest alluvial island in the mouth. Miles Island in长江入海口, San Mianhuan Jiang, a waterfront. East Bin vast East China Sea, the South and Baoshan District, Shanghai, the Pudong New Area and Taicang City of Jiangsu Province Geshui across the west rolling the Yangtze River, North and Haimen in Jiangsu Province, Qidong City, a narrow strip of water. The entire island area of over 1,200 square km, 76 km long East and West, North and South 13 to 18 kilometers wide, the shape of "Chuncan." The island is flat, no hills hilly, slightly larger than the north-west and central, southwest and east slightly lower. More than 90 percent of the land elevation (Wusong 0 meters elevation as a reference) from 3.21 to 4.20 meters between. Chongming Island in the east longitude 121 ° 09#39;30 "to 121 ° 54#39;00", north latitude and 31 ° 27#39;00 "to 37 ° 51#39;15" position, is located in the north sub-tropical, humid climate mild, sufficient sunshine, the seasons Clear. Island soil and water clean, fresh air. Chongming Island is known as "Longevity Island", the average age of residents on the island 76 years old.
Chongming Island has 1,300 years of history. AD 618 to 626 years (the Tang dynasty Takenori years), formed in which the two Island. 696 (Long live the Forum the first year of the Tang Dynasty) early, before it was on the island after countless shoal wish Habitat at the East, West, South Mandrax Mandrax rose collapse in the North, to the late Ming and early Qing Dynasty, and finally as a single largest island. Five Dynasties and early, located in the town of Xisha, the name of Chongming (meaning higher than the surface of the ground). 1222 (Southern Song Dynasty Jiading 15 years) are heaven-sent saltworks, Li Tung Chau. 1277 (Yuan Yuan for 14 years), was promoted to Chongming, Li Yang state. 1396 (Hong-2002) for the drop in the county, the first capital of Li Yang, Li after the House of Suzhou, Taicang, and Li. Republic of China, has attached to Nantong, Jiangsu, Songjiang. After the liberation, under the Jiangsu Nantong area. December 1, 1958 before the transfer of Shanghai.
Chongming has always been to town for the Jianghai. Song Jiading, located side-Inspection Division, located in the Ming Dynasty Yongle Shuizhai before a Shuishi. Chongming is "the major portals, 10-gun Pingfan," said.
Chongming people have a glorious revolutionary tradition. Ming Dynasty Kangwo struggle, Chongming, "Sha soldiers" known for bravery. Autumn 1921, Chong Ming Xisha peasant riots, Mao Zedong at the time of the CPC Central Committee organ of the "Wizard" weekly on the text on this feat. September 1926, the CPC Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provincial Committee Lu Commissioner iron strong, Yufu only to worship, the establishment of a national early rural grassroots party organizations. After the Japanese invasion of China, Chongming in the March 18, 1938 fall of Chongming people in the anti-Japanese self-defense corps, under the leadership of the Communist Party of China to Japan, Weijun in a heavy blow. In the democratic revolution and socialist revolution, many of those who have lost their sons and daughters of Chongming precious lives.
Chongming County currently has 13 exemptions town, a township. County Town is the county seat of the city#39;s political, economic and cultural center. The island is also available in eight state-owned agricultural run Junken taste the two farms, Shanghai Industrial Group Company on the island build a modern agricultural park. The whole island resident population of 650,000 people, including Xianzhu population of 597,000 people, the municipal population of 53,000 people farm.