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Koguryo tomb murals - TongHua

Source: ChinaTravelGood   Author: Julian  Date: 08-26 2008
Hailed as "treasure house of art in Northeast Asia," the Koguryo tomb murals, documented in ancient China northeast of the special cultural minorities, 5000 is a wonderful work of Chinese civilization. Tomb murals, including some of China#39;s Koguryo Tombs of nobility, has recently been included in the "World Heritage List."
Although the Koguryo regime has been established in 37 BC, the tomb murals there are more than 300 years after this. Archaeologists confirmed that the 20th century, the late, China and North Korea have in the clean-up and discover a group of Koguryo tomb murals. According to the information has been disclosed, there are 33 in China, North Korea in 68. Koguryo tomb murals mainly concentrated in Jian Shi and North Korea in Jilin Province. These Fengtu sarcophagus in the tomb murals tomb majority, accounting for 90 percent.
According to the present found that early Koguryo tomb murals in Year 4 about the first half of the century. Goguryeo murals reproduce the contents of royalty and nobility at home, to feast, drink, dance, drama 100, travel and other social life. Painting General in Shek Pik Shangmobaihui and then Baihui on painting. Murals works better reflect the nation#39;s unique traditions, such as the Japan Sumo today is exactly like the Kok arrived in sports, horseback riding, such as hunting scenes, there are common in the Changbai Mountains Forest tigers, deer, wild boar, bear, Paozi, rabbit , Pheasant and other animals.
According to historical records, the national Xiaoyong Shanzhan Goguryeo, in the early murals in the performance of a number of military and war scenes. There is a set of built in the 5th century, "Room 903, Grave," is the theme of the first room murals and social life of its northern wall is a "siege map" quite exciting. The left side of the screen for a Chengyuan, the tall twists and turns, the gatehouse Jiaolou high, the city has a house. Outside the city, the two generals wore armor, by Pijia war horses and Tingqiangjudao of war. Kok downstairs in the two Buzu have to roll. On one wall V glimpse of the warring situation. Figures realistic, lifelike. While the second room, a third room in the "Guinness joist" image, set in the tomb murals in only see, very precious. Experts speculate Cimu owner for the Goguryeo aristocracy, it#39;s likely that a武将.
addition, the early Goguryeo murals also decorated with palaces, Tingge, stables, wells, guard, maid, Pneuma Jigou, flowers and trees, the sun and the moon and stars, and other patterns.
4th century AD as the Central Plains have entered the Wei, Jin Dynasty period, when Buddhism from India into the land of the Central Plains, Pianan in the northern border of the Koguryo regime also began to be national Buddhist influence. Early in the social customs and the tomb murals mainly of Zaojing, the archaeologists found a very small image of the lotus.
6-7 century, people began to repair Carpenter inappropriate for the formation of the granite stone walls, directly in the Shek Pik on the painting, color effects very Xianli, a Meticulous re-color. At this time was more than content of the murals Suzaku, basaltic, Tsing Lung and white tiger "four gods" occupied. In addition, the murals also decorated with such great cultural characteristics of the Central Plains Fuxi Nu Wa, the Yellow Emperor Shennong, immortal, monks, Taoist, and so on, show rich in Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism culture.
in this period, carmine, red soil and stone yellow, yellow powder, white powder and Shilv is the main color, color than the rich to many early. During this period the murals, set the "Tomb of the four gods", "grave five Helmets" 40, 5 tomb, located in today#39;s more in North Korea.
In addition, mainly from the social life to the "four gods" as the process of transformation, there is a transitional type, time is about the middle of the 5th century to the mid-sixth century, decorated with murals of content-based design, Such as Lotus, Wang word moire, color ring pattern, Guijia profiling.
Koguryo leave the text as little information contained in China#39;s ancient books and, therefore, rich content of the Koguryo tomb murals of Goguryeo as experts and scholars on the history, culture, customs and other important archaeological information.
after rain erosion, loss and mildew is a lot of the problems facing the Koguryo murals. In order to maximize the protection of murals, the vast majority of the Chinese territory of Koguryo tomb murals have been closed tight protection. To satisfy people#39;s desire to watch, heritage conservation workers in the tomb murals in the course of maintenance of the ground floor corridor and used a combination of digital video technology, visitors need not entered the tomb, to list some "live" the Koguryo tomb murals The United States and the United States and Oakland magic.